chapter  8
44 Pages

Analysis of Quantum Evolutions; Entanglement, Entangle- ment Measures and Dynamics

Entanglement of quantum systems refers to the situation where two or more systems interact and the state of the whole system cannot be seen as a superposition of states of the single systems. This feature of quantum dynamics is crucial in many algorithms of quantum communication and quantum information processing and it is a resource for many fascinating applications. Moreover entanglement, as a feature of quantum mechanics, has stimulated in-depth investigation on the value of quantum mechanics itself as a physical theory.