Introduction to Hazard Risk Assessment
Risk evaluation of accidents serves a dual purpose. It estiInates tlle probability tllat an accident will occur and also assesses tlle severity of the consequences of an accident. Consequences n1ay include datnage to tlle surrounding environlnent, financial loss, or injury to life. This chapter is prilnarily concerned Witll tlle Inetllods used to identify hazards and tlle causes and consequences of accidents. Issues dealing \Vitll healtll risks have been explored in tlle previous chapter. Risk asseSSlnent of accidents provides an effective way to help ensure eitller that a lnishap does not occur or reduces the likelihood of an accident. The result of the risk assesslnent allows concerned parties to take precautions to prevent an accident before it happens.