Before coming to specific processes, we will discuss some general considerations about milk processing and quality assurance.
Milk is the raw material for the manufacture of several food products. These products are predominantly made in dairy factories (or dairies, for short). Their mode of operation is dominated by the properties of the raw material. Some typical characteristics of the dairy industry are as follows:
a. Milk is liquid and homogeneous (or it can readily be made homogeneous). This implies that transport and storage are relatively simple and greatly facilitates the application of continuous processes.