chapter  1
Pages 16

The start of a new millennium is an auspicious time to review the sweep of events in the history of the biological sciences. The changes that have taken place over the last millennium have been nothing less than astounding. If Gutenberg’s printing revolution 500 years ago was arguably the most influential event of the millennium, it is clear that the rise of the biological sciences and the transformation of information dissemination during the same period were astonishing. In a similar mode, the emerging dominance of the Internet in the worldwide distribution system for goods, services, and information has had an enormous impact on biological research and literature retrieval in the five years since the last edition of this book was published.