chapter  11
22 Pages

The IACUC and Laboratory Animal Resources

Sanitation Schedules ......................................................................... 174 11.2.9 Environmental Sanitation and Sterilization

Effectiveness Monitoring .................................................................. 174 11.2.10 Pest Control ....................................................................................... 175 11.2.11 Animal Population Management ...................................................... 175

11.2.11.1 Breeding and Cage Overcrowding ..................................... 176 11.2.12 Cryogen Gas Storage and Magnetic Resonance Scanners ............... 176

11.3 Animal Resources Programmatic Issues ...................................................... 176 11.3.1 Occupational Health Considerations for Animal Care Personnel .... 177

11.3.1.1 Medical Clearances ............................................................ 177 11.3.1.2 Medical Questionnaires ..................................................... 177

11.1 INTRODUCTION

Many different names exist to attempt to encompass and define the workforce, facilities, equipment, and resources that an institution commits to animal husbandry and care (e.g., resources, centers, cores, services, departments, divisions, units, groups, etc.). Regardless of the name, Institutional Animal Care and Use Committees (IACUCs) are mandated by regulations such as the Animal Welfare Act (AWA) to have oversight of these organizations from both programmatic and facilities perspectives. This chapter explores some of the more common resource facility-related and programmatic issues encountered by IACUCs and delves further into some of the unique challenges presented by areas managed by the principal investigator (PI). In addition, it provides suggestions on ways that IACUCs can deal with the many sources of information and topics of animal research and welfare needed to assure knowledgeable oversight of animal facilities.