chapter  3
6 Pages

Institutional Policies, Guidelines, and Procedures

Institutional policies, guidelines, and procedures are essential to the health of an organization. They provide a framework for daily operations and help foster compliant and consistent behavior. Institutional Animal Care and Use Programs (ACUPs) and Institutional Animal Care and Use Committees (IACUCs) benefit greatly from the creation and use of policies, guidelines, and procedures, since such institutional guidance documents assist with maintenance of compliance and assurance of animal welfare. Although the development and maintenance of the guidance documents discussed in this chapter are not a record-keeping requirement of the Animal Welfare Act (AWA), the Animal Welfare Act Regulations (AWRs), or the Public Health Service Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals (PHS Policy) (USDA 2013a and USDA 2013b, NIH 2002), they can be an integral part of a successful program that provides individuals with the information they need to perform

CONTENTS

3.1 Introduction .................................................................................................... 37 3.2 Definitions....................................................................................................... 38 3.3 Standard Procedures for IACUC Protocols .................................................... 38 3.4 IACUC Administration SOPs ......................................................................... 39 3.5 IACUC Policies ..............................................................................................40 3.6 Animal Facility SOPs .....................................................................................40 3.7 Writing Policies, Guidelines, and Procedures ................................................ 41 3.8 Document Rollout ........................................................................................... 41 3.9 Conclusion ...................................................................................................... 42 References ................................................................................................................ 42

tasks properly and can facilitate consistency in the program. According to the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals (the Guide), “Establishing standard operating procedures can assist an institution in complying with regulations, policies, and principles as well as with day-to-day operations and management” (NRC 2011). This chapter will explore the purposes and use of such documents and will suggest mechanisms for their organization and maintenance.