chapter  8
29 Pages

GIS for spatial analysis of fire incidence: identification of social, economic and environmental risk indicators

Itiswithinthesethreearenasthatgeographyplaysaunifyingroleinthe potentialtodescribeandexplainthevariationinthedistributionand concentrationoffireincidenceoverbothspaceandtime.Twoprimary toolsthathavegreatpotentialtoexploitthegeographicalnatureofthe wealthofdatacapturedandstoredbythefireserviceareGISandstatistics. Fireisnotarandomphenomenonandcanbeshowntobedisproportionatelyconcentratedinareasexhibitingsimilaritiesinsocial,economicand environmentalcomposition.Spatialandtemporalpatternidentificationof fireincidenceprovidesabasisforresearchintowhere,whenandwhyfires occur.Theclassificationofareasbylevelsandtypeoffireincidenceand theoutcomesenablesworktobeundertakentoestablishthesimilarities anddifferencesbetweenthoseareasandthecommonriskindicators. Profilingthecharacteristicsofareasthathavesimilarfireincidence countsandratesprovidesacontextwithinwhichbothcommunityfire safetyplanningandresponseoptionsarebetterinformedandcantherefore bemoreeffectivelymanaged.