chapter  8
39 Pages

Reduced Implant-Related Infectious Complications by Surface Modification Providing Controlled Antimicrobial Release

T h e inser tio n o f implants has become a widely accepted and often life-saving procedure. The past few years have seen a dramatic increase in the types and numbers of medical devices. It is estimated that currently worldwide there are some 6,000 distinct types or generic groups of medical devices and some 750,000 or more brands and models, ranging from very simple devices to very complex systems [1]. A study in 1989 estimated that worldwide approximately 1 million implants are performed annually; the number of additionally used catheters for diagnostic and therapeutic means exceeds this number considerably [2].