chapter  8
4 Pages

Electrochemical Sensors Used in the Diagnosis of HIV

The detection of HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) that causes the ac­ quired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in humans is not sufficient. It is also very important to quantify the HTV degree of infection. Quantitative measurement of the number of HIV-1 copies, referred to as viral load testing, is essential for monitoring the HIV-1 virus. Because more potent antiretroviral drugs are on the market today it is difficult to determine the level of HIV-1 RNA in infected indi­ viduals.