chapter  4
80 Pages

Three-Dimensional Applications

Although we could use 1-D and 2-D idealizations for many problems, some problems require full 3-D analysis; for instance, a cap-pile group-soil system, junction of a dam and a river bank, pavements, and railroad beds. As indicated in Chapter 3, the fully 3-D FE method has been developed and used for solutions of a number of problems. The details of the FE equations for the fully 3-D procedure are presented in Chapter 3. In this chapter, we present some examples of application of the fully 3-D procedure. Also, we provide descriptions of some simplified procedures and applications. The work and publications on the subject are wide; hence, only a limited number of publications are cited, and a limited number of applications are presented.