chapter  4
12 Pages

Section 4: A complete value-chain IP system

Almost any trait that can be reproduced genetically, that is carried from one generation to the next, can be identified and then that identity preserved through appropriate management and production techniques. The traits must be distinguishable by some morphological, physiological, or other characteristic. Practices of observation or testing for those distinguishable characteristics of the traits must be established that are repeatable in the field, receiving location, or laboratory. A broad description of traits that could be identified to be “preserved” in a production and delivery system might include: • Genetic traits specific to one variety or hybrid. Very narrow

genetic base, specific to a single breeding program. Example – the Flavorsavor® tomato

• Genetic traits specific to a group of varieties or hybrids with common genetic background. Very possibly these would evolve from above. Example – triple-null lipoxygenase soybeans

• Genetic traits specific to a group of varieties or hybrids with uncommon genetic background. Example – high-protein soybeans

• Genetic traits that are not specific but are broad traits. Example – clear-hilum soybeans

• Physical traits not necessarily tied to genetics. Example – low stress crack corn

• Traits that are tied to a production system rather than to genetics. Example – organic growing

As you can see there is a wide range of traits that might be preserved, ranging from very specific genetic traits on one extreme to traits that are almost entirely related to a growing or production system, at the other extreme. The first step in designing or adapting an IP system for an IP product is to identify the trait or traits desired.