chapter  2
52 Pages

VAPOR-LIQUID EQUILIBRIUM (VLE) DATA OF AQUEOUS POLYMER SOLUTIONS

Fluka AG, Buchs, Switzerland Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 293.15 wB 0.0443 0.0974 0.1456 0.1923 0.2212 aA 0.99989 0.99949 0.99876 0.99756 0.99631

T/K = 313.15 wB 0.0417 0.0804 0.1503 0.2006 aA 0.99992 0.99971 0.99881 0.99752

T/K = 333.15 wB 0.0528 0.0872 0.1322 0.2033 aA 0.99989 0.99968 0.99928 0.99776

Lot 21072, Serva, Heidelberg, Germany Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 293.15 wB 0.3546 0.3779 0.3986 0.3985 0.4306 0.4236 aA 0.9934 0.9927 0.9917 0.9912 0.9881 0.9880

Pfeifer & Langen, Dormagen, Germany Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 293.15 wB 0.3567 0.3730 0.3842 0.4088 0.4341 0.4436 aA 0.9937 0.9932 0.9908 0.9896 0.9878 0.9868

T-70, Pharmacia Fine Chemicals, Piscataway, NJ, USA Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 298.15 wB 0.095 0.121 0.123 0.130 0.132 0.142 0.165 0.180 PA/mmHg 23.753 23.750 23.749 23.747 23.746 23.741 23.736 23.734 wB 0.194 0.229 0.250 0.277 0.350 0.352 PA/mmHg 23.722 23.709 23.701 23.690 23.650 23.648

Pfeifer & Langen, Dormagen, Germany Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 293.15 wB 0.3442 0.3560 0.3867 0.4057 0.3970 0.4068 0.4163 0.4581 0.4440 aA 0.9948 0.9940 0.9912 0.9899 0.9897 0.9896 0.9875 0.9857 0.9849

Pfeifer & Langen, Dormagen, Germany Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 293.15 wB 0.0579 0.0923 0.1616 0.2029 0.2441 aA 0.99990 0.99973 0.99906 0.99823 0.99718

T/K = 313.15 wB 0.0412 0.0826 0.1419 0.1442 0.1866 0.2283 0.2632 0.2732 0.2925 aA 0.99996 0.99981 0.99936 0.99934 0.99881 0.99802 0.99706 0.99675 0.99613

T/K = 333.15 wB 0.0522 0.0884 0.1225 0.1284 0.1966 0.2131 0.2444 aA 0.99993 0.99981 0.99952 0.99963 0.99873 0.99873 0.99796

Pfeifer & Langen, Dormagen, Germany Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 293.15 wB 0.3599 0.3764 0.4069 0.3985 0.3974 0.4371 0.4197 0.4205 0.4468 aA 0.9934 0.9927 0.9912 0.9899 0.9897 0.9881 0.9880 0.9875 0.9868

Pfeifer & Langen, Dormagen, Germany Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 293.15 wB 0.0453 0.0967 0.1049 0.1204 0.1242 0.1332 0.1676 0.1697 0.1760 aA 0.99994 0.99979 0.99973 0.99966 0.99964 0.99961 0.99933 0.99930 0.99923 wB 0.1959 0.2219 0.2250 0.2299 0.2577 0.2596 0.2799 0.2992 0.3003 aA 0.99896 0.99857 0.99854 0.99851 0.99782 0.99778 0.99724 0.99677 0.99673 T/K = 313.15 wB 0.0755 0.0983 0.0990 0.1049 0.1249 0.1295 0.1545 0.1853 0.2158 aA 0.99986 0.99978 0.99979 0.99974 0.99962 0.99959 0.99939 0.99908 0.99862 wB 0.2158 0.2158 0.2168 0.2697 0.2811 0.3356 0.3355 aA 0.99863 0.99861 0.99858 0.99750 0.99715 0.99536 0.99540 T/K = 333.15 wB 0.0886 0.1301 0.1426 0.1728 0.1922 0.2221 0.2636 0.2768 0.2893 aA 0.99990 0.99971 0.99966 0.99943 0.99920 0.99892 0.99812 0.99786 0.99761

Pfeifer & Langen, Dormagen, Germany Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 293.15 wB 0.0555 0.0971 0.1201 0.1532 0.2251 0.2333 0.2373 0.2566 0.3101 aA 0.99995 0.99981 0.99969 0.99949 0.99853 0.99843 0.99839 0.99798 0.99644 T/K = 313.15 wB 0.0806 0.0901 0.0952 0.1074 0.1087 0.1311 0.1596 0.1618 0.1791 aA 0.99990 0.99986 0.99985 0.99981 0.99979 0.99969 0.99950 0.99948 0.99931 wB 0.1970 0.2169 0.2521 0.2745 0.2912 0.3055 aA 0.99909 0.99884 0.99825 0.99779 0.99739 0.99700 T/K = 333.15 wB 0.0638 0.1237 0.1814 0.1936 0.2384 aA 0.99995 0.999795 0.99947 0.99938 0.99892

T-500, Pharmacia Fine Chemicals, Piscataway, NJ, USA Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 298.15 wB 0.112 0.130 0.139 0.152 0.161 0.199 0.219 0.225 PA/mmHg 23.756 23.755 23.755 23.753 23.751 23.742 23.737 23.733

continued

wB 0.406 PA/mmHg 23.715 23.687 23.669 23.640

T-500, Lot PA08143, Pharmacia Fine Chemicals, Uppsala, Sweden Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 293.15 wB 0.198 0.252 0.290 0.311 0.321 0.352 0.341 0.371 0.390 aA 0.9988 0.9981 0.9971 0.9966 0.9956 0.9939 0.9949 0.9933 0.9920 wB 0.439 0.467 0.476 0.489 0.505 0.521 0.514 0.538 0.552 aA 0.9891 0.9865 0.9852 0.9836 0.9803 0.9788 0.9794 0.9758 0.9749

T/K = 333.15 wB 0.387 0.406 0.419 0.462 0.501 0.608 aA 0.9947 0.9937 0.9906 0.9889 0.9839 0.9784

Characterization: 30.0 mol% methyl methacrylate Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 298.15 wB 0.725 0.826 0.870 aA 0.984 0.968 0.936

Characterization: 40.0 mol% methyl methacrylate Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 298.15 wB 0.860 0.885 0.920 aA 0.984 0.968 0.936

Zhejiang Univ. Chem. Factory, PR China Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 298.15 wB 0.0455 0.0817 0.1138 0.1453 0.2190 0.3040 0.3850 0.4073 0.5410 aA 0.9987 0.9975 0.9963 0.9952 0.9905 0.9825 0.9716 0.9675 0.9375

Zhejiang Univ. Chem. Factory, PR China Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 298.15 wB 0.0715 0.0836 0.1414 0.1558 0.1637 0.1912 0.2677 0.4338 0.6113 aA 0.9987 0.9983 0.9975 0.9963 0.9962 0.9952 0.9905 0.9716 0.9375

Zhejiang Univ. Chem. Factory, PR China Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 298.15 wB 0.0970 0.1130 0.1522 0.1903 0.2213 0.3028 0.3771 0.4716 0.6612 aA 0.9987 0.9983 0.9975 0.9963 0.9952 0.9905 0.9840 0.9716 0.9375

Polysciences, Inc., Warrington, PA, USA Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 367.65 wB 0.980 0.967 0.954 0.931 0.897 0.863 0.812 0.718 aA 0.149 0.243 0.328 0.442 0.558 0.652 0.751 0.847

ϕB 0.5102 0.5638 0.6234 0.6642 0.7163 0.7969 0.8700 0.9077 0.9269 aA 0.960 0.951 0.934 0.920 0.885 0.847 0.758 0.668 0.606

ϕB 0.9374 0.9473 0.9604 0.9664 0.9725 0.9787 0.9909 0.9945 0.9983 aA 0.548 0.486 0.392 0.356 0.317 0.239 0.113 0.070 0.025

Polymer (B): hydroxypropyl starch 1994KOE Characterization: Mn/g.mol−1 = 10800, Reppal 100 Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 293.15 wB 0.0460 0.0613 0.0949 0.1106 0.1496 0.1804 0.2208 0.3025 aA 0.99986 0.99980 0.99967 0.99958 0.99936 0.99919 0.99881 0.99743

Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 293.15 wB 0.0774 0.1003 0.1257 0.1510 0.1793 0.1920 0.2123 0.2693 0.2703 aA 0.99972 0.99964 0.99942 0.99925 0.99896 0.99885 0.99855 0.99789 0.99771

Polymer (B): hydroxypropyl starch 1999LIN Characterization: Mw/g.mol−1 = 10000, Reppal 100, Carbamyl AB, Sweden Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 298.15 wB 0.0572 0.1293 0.2055 0.3033 0.4276 aA 0.99973 0.99916 0.9985 0.9971 0.9930

Polymer (B): hydroxypropyl starch 1999LIN Characterization: Mw/g.mol−1 = 20000, Reppal 200, Carbamyl AB, Sweden Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 298.15 wB 0.0740 0.1468 0.2265 0.3137 0.4512 aA 0.99973 0.99916 0.9985 0.9971 0.9930

Polymer (B): maltopentaose 2002COO Characterization: M/g.mol−1 = 828.7 Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 317.99 xB 0.00000 0.00347 0.01545 0.0216 0.0327 0.0462 0.0470 0.0696 PA/kPa 9.514 9.492 9.330 9.195 8.907 8.452 8.389 7.392

Polymer (B): maltotetraose 2002COO Characterization: M/g.mol−1 = 666.6 Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 317.99 xB 0.00268 0.00778 0.01232 0.01857 0.0264 0.0369 0.0423 0.0554 0.0949 PA/kPa 9.465 9.426 9.380 9.279 9.154 8.971 8.863 8.561 7.541

Polymer (B): maltotriose 2002COO Characterization: M/g.mol−1 = 504.4 Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 317.99 xB 0.00205 0.00528 0.00769 0.01015 0.01565 0.02559 0.0309 0.0420 0.0639 PA/kPa 9.487 9.461 9.422 9.399 9.332 9.194 9.135 8.967 8.579

Aldrich Chem. Co., Inc., Milwaukee, WI, USA Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 303.15 wB 0.9738 0.9697 0.9574 0.9404 0.9157 0.8544 0.7994 0.7164 0.4521 PA/kPa 0.334 0.617 0.990 1.398 1.959 2.593 3.101 3.586 4.019

Polymer (B): polycarbonate-bisphenol-A 1998HWA Characterization: Mn/g.mol−1 = 24000, Dow Chemical Co., Midland, MI, USA Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 303.15 wB 0.9983 0.9973 0.9962 0.9951 0.9930 0.9904 0.9890 0.9836 0.9676 PA/kPa 0.293 0.526 0.913 1.266 1.934 2.375 2.811 3.654 4.311

Polymer (B): polyester (hyperbranched, aliphatic) 2003SEI Characterization: Mn/g.mol−1 = 1620, Mw/g.mol−1 = 2100 hydroxyl functional hyperbranched polyesters produced from poly-alcohol cores and hydroxy acids, 16 OH groups per macromolecule, hydroxyl no. = 490-520 mg KOH/g, acid no. = 5-9 mg KOH/g, Boltorn H20, Perstorp Specialty Chemicals AB, Perstorp, Sweden Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 wB = 0.10 = constant T/K 348.2 353.7 361.2 366.5 370.1 375.5 381.0 386.6 393.4 PA/MPa 0.045 0.052 0.069 0.083 0.095 0.113 0.135 0.163 0.203 T/K 398.3 405.4 411.4 415.4 PA/MPa 0.235 0.291 0.346 0.387

continued

Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 wB = 0.10 = constant T/K 350.6 358.4 363.1 368.2 374.0 378.2 383.1 390.9 403.3 PA/MPa 0.046 0.062 0.073 0.087 0.107 0.123 0.145 0.185 0.271 T/K 408.8 413.2 418.2 423.2 428.7 433.4 PA/MPa 0.320 0.363 0.418 0.477 0.553 0.622

Polymer (B): polyester (hyperbranched, aliphatic) 2003SEI Characterization: Mn/g.mol−1 = 2830, Mw/g.mol−1 = 5100 hydroxyl functional hyperbranched polyesters produced from poly-alcohol cores and hydroxy acids, 64 OH groups per macromolecule, hydroxyl no. = 470-500 mg KOH/g, acid no. = 7-11 mg KOH/g, Boltorn H40, Perstorp Specialty Chemicals AB, Perstorp, Sweden Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 393.15 wB 0.817 0.891 0.901 0.922 0.944 0.967 0.972 0.984 0.992 PA/kPa 144.340 125.640 119.650 105.200 87.080 60.560 51.270 36.310 22.350

Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 393.15 wB 0.919 0.949 0.958 0.972 0.983 0.989 0.994 PA/kPa 105.770 84.500 74.535 61.025 49.210 38.420 30.400

Polymer (B): poly(ethylene glycol) 2002ZAF Characterization: Mn/g.mol−1 = 190, Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 298.15 wB 0.0796 0.0947 0.1131 0.1215 0.1418 0.1489 0.1877 0.2166 0.2216 aA 0.9762 0.9722 0.9644 0.9643 0.9575 0.9571 0.9435 0.9343 0.9326 wB 0.2641 0.2635 0.2788 0.2859 0.2872 0.3203 0.3365 0.3403 0.3578 aA 0.9188 0.9186 0.9153 0.9101 0.9093 0.9005 0.8942 0.8915 0.8830

Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 293.15 wB 0.0289 0.0473 0.0908 0.1071 0.1871 0.2529 0.3659 aA 0.99727 0.99539 0.99060 0.98857 0.97632 0.96155 0.92908

T/K = 313.15 wB 0.0344 0.0664 0.0944 0.1473 0.2200 0.2900 0.3833 aA 0.99673 0.99337 0.99014 0.98323 0.97121 0.95683 0.93008

T/K = 333.15 wB 0.0229 0.0352 0.0564 0.0927 0.1418 0.2001 0.2723 0.3457 aA 0.99790 0.99675 0.99459 0.99069 0.98450 0.97563 0.96188 0.94403

Polymer (B): poly(ethylene glycol) 1993GAU Characterization: Mn/g.mol−1 = 200, Huels AG, Marl, Germany Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 298.15 wB 0.0909 0.1667 0.2308 0.2857 0.3333 0.3750 0.4118 0.4444 0.5000 aA 0.9905 0.9796 0.9677 0.9554 0.9428 0.9305 0.9187 0.9080 0.8912

Polymer (B): poly(ethylene glycol) 1985HER Characterization: Mn/g.mol−1 = 200, BDH Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 293.10 wB 0.1493 0.2215 0.5135 0.5735 0.6912 0.8445 0.8932 aA 0.9849 0.9707 0.8654 0.8231 0.7294 0.5170 0.4106 T/K = 313.10 wB 0.1473 0.2220 0.4481 0.5197 0.5332 0.5815 0.6411 0.7120 0.8011 aA 0.9843 0.9706 0.9125 0.8790 0.8721 0.8415 0.7916 0.7422 0.6102 wB 0.8419 0.8670 0.8725 0.8991 0.9180 aA 0.5540 0.4915 0.4806 0.4404 0.3735 T/K = 333.10 wB 0.1493 0.2329 0.3828 0.5586 0.7328 0.7805 0.8375 0.9020 0.9370 aA 0.9849 0.9728 0.9350 0.8753 0.7508 0.6663 0.5937 0.4493 0.3215

Polymer (B): poly(ethylene glycol) 1999NIN Characterization: Mn/g.mol−1 = 200, Sigma Chemical Co., Inc., St. Louis, MO, USA Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 298.15 wB 0.0995 0.1882 0.2995 0.4016 0.4989 0.5988 0.6972 0.7983 0.8981 aA 0.991 0.976 0.954 0.921 0.874 0.805 0.717 0.587 0.393

Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 298.15 wB 0.0658 0.1231 0.1709 0.2019 0.2094 0.2200 0.2327 0.2525 0.2736 aA 0.9863 0.9740 0.9648 0.9574 0.9560 0.9543 0.9493 0.9449 0.9395 wB 0.3233 0.3458 0.3715 0.3761 0.3916 0.3908 0.4016 0.4117 0.4529 aA 0.9271 0.9232 0.9176 0.9162 0.9100 0.9098 0.9068 0.9038 0.8962

T/K = 318.15 aA 0.9458 0.9670 0.9821 0.9915 T/K = 328.15 aA 0.9499 0.9690 0.9829 0.9919 T/K = 338.15 aA 0.9533 0.9707 0.9837 0.9924

Polymer (B): poly(ethylene glycol) 1957MAL Characterization: Mn/g.mol−1 = 300, Oxirane Ltd., Manchester, U.K. Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 308.15 wB 0.000 0.298 0.488 0.659 0.800 0.899 0.950 0.988 PA/mmHg 31.82 30.41 28.65 25.10 20.61 14.88 9.81 3.95 T/K = 328.15 wB 0.000 0.298 0.488 0.660 0.800 0.899 0.950 0.988 PA/mmHg 92.51 89.39 84.77 75.58 63.11 46.07 30.31 12.12 T/K = 338.15 wB 0.000 0.299 0.489 0.662 0.801 0.900 0.951 0.988 PA/mmHg 187.54 181.89 173.54 156.12 132.31 97.13 63.95 24.97

continued

wB 0.1205 aA 0.9990 0.9987 0.9979 0.9972 0.9958 0.9936 0.9899 0.9849 0.9764 wB 0.2747 0.3582 0.4108 0.5185 0.6505 aA 0.9713 0.9571 0.9417 0.9004 0.8011

T/K = 307.75 wB 0.01400 0.01885 0.02995 0.03910 0.05420 0.07933 0.1208 0.1711 0.2407 aA 0.9993 0.9989 0.9983 0.9977 0.9965 0.9948 0.9912 0.9860 0.9774 wB 0.2748 0.3543 0.4110 0.5188 0.6510 aA 0.9707 0.9614 0.9507 0.9081 0.8259

Polymer (B): poly(ethylene glycol) 1982MED Characterization: Mn/g.mol−1 = 391 Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 298.15 wB 0.0000 0.5382 0.7102 0.8359 0.8956 0.9335 0.9526 0.9665 0.9809 PA/kPa 3.1631 2.8338 2.4295 1.9602 1.5786 1.2471 0.9824 0.7963 0.4982 wB 0.9924 0.9958 0.9987 PA/kPa 0.2305 0.1248 0.0762

Polymer (B): poly(ethylene glycol) 1993GAU Characterization: Mn/g.mol−1 = 400, Huels AG, Marl, Germany Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 298.15 wB 0.0909 0.1667 0.2308 0.2857 0.3333 0.3750 0.4118 0.4737 0.5000 aA 0.9947 0.9879 0.9797 0.9704 0.9603 0.9494 0.9381 0.9265 0.9033

Polymer (B): poly(ethylene glycol) 1999NIN Characterization: Mn/g.mol−1 = 400, Sigma Chemical Co., Inc., St. Louis, MO, USA Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 298.15 wB 0.0499 0.1495 0.2993 0.4026 0.4989 0.5986 0.6970 0.7989 0.8980 aA 0.998 0.991 0.968 0.943 0.901 0.841 0.760 0.648 0.477

Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 308.15 wB 0.3150 0.2451 0.1792 0.0623 0.0488 0.0305 0.0210 0.0120 aA 0.9691 0.9802 0.9878 0.9968 0.9974 0.9983 0.9991 0.9996 T/K = 318.15 wB 0.3150 0.2451 0.1792 0.0623 0.0488 0.0305 0.0210 0.0120 aA 0.9707 0.9820 0.9888 0.9972 0.9978 0.9987 0.9991 0.9996

T/K = 328.15 wB 0.3150 0.2451 0.1792 0.0623 0.0488 0.0305 0.0210 0.0120 aA 0.9720 0.9828 0.9890 0.9970 0.9976 0.9986 0.9990 0.9995 T/K = 338.15 wB 0.3150 0.2451 0.1792 0.0623 0.0488 0.0305 0.0210 0.0120 aA 0.9710 0.9828 0.9889 0.9971 0.9977 0.9987 0.9993 0.9997

Polymer (B): poly(ethylene glycol) 1993GAU Characterization: Mn/g.mol−1 = 595, Huels AG, Marl, Germany Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 293.15 wB 0.0202 0.0442 0.0737 0.1183 0.2021 0.2945 0.3920 aA 0.99936 0.99850 0.99714 0.99457 0.98785 0.97537 0.95360

T/K = 313.15 wB 0.0138 0.0223 0.0516 0.0928 0.1446 0.1873 0.2509 0.2952 0.4196 aA 0.99959 0.99931 0.99823 0.99637 0.99348 0.99041 0.98377 0.97813 0.95246

T/K = 333.15 wB 0.0282 0.0507 0.0769 0.1001 0.1514 0.2234 0.3000 aA 0.99911 0.99831 0.99727 0.99632 0.99367 0.98864 0.98111

Polymer (B): poly(ethylene glycol) 1999NIN Characterization: Mn/g.mol−1 = 600, Sigma Chemical Co., Inc., St. Louis, MO, USA Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 298.15 wB 0.0995 0.1994 0.2993 0.3985 0.4988 0.5984 0.6979 0.7976 0.8972 aA 0.997 0.990 0.976 0.953 0.913 0.855 0.777 0.692 0.423

continued

wB 0.7815 0.8905 aA 0.9182 0.9056 0.8462 0.7591 0.6851 0.6547 0.5280 0.4996

T/K = 313.10 wB 0.2310 0.3266 0.4734 0.5392 0.5395 0.6340 0.6905 0.7028 0.7245 aA 0.9868 0.9738 0.9367 0.9100 0.9089 0.8570 0.8130 0.8071 0.7908 wB 0.7470 0.8083 0.8368 0.8473 aA 0.7661 0.6938 0.6658 0.6518

T/K = 333.10 wB 0.2670 0.3662 0.4172 0.5672 0.6737 0.7644 0.8261 aA 0.9858 0.9729 0.9633 0.9186 0.8644 0.7953 0.7266

Polymer (B): poly(ethylene glycol) 1968LAK Characterization: Mn/g.mol−1 = 650, fractionated sample, Union Carbide Corp. Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 297.75 wB 0.01342 0.01741 0.02474 0.03894 0.04939 0.06934 0.10640 0.1760 0.2157 aA 0.9996 0.9995 0.9992 0.9986 0.9982 0.9974 0.9958 0.9917 0.9885 wB 0.2593 0.3092 0.3982 0.5330 0.7241 aA 0.9840 0.9740 0.9439 0.8784 0.6817

T/K = 307.75 wB 0.01342 0.01741 0.02475 0.03897 0.04941 0.06939 0.10650 0.1761 0.2162 aA 0.9996 0.9995 0.9993 0.9988 0.9984 0.9978 0.9957 0.9927 0.9894 wB 0.2594 0.3094 0.3985 0.5334 0.7249 aA 0.9844 0.9767 0.9530 0.8938 0.7160

Lot 19F-0037, Sigma Chemical Co., Inc., St. Louis, MO, USA Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 298.15 wB 0.1547 0.1923 0.2243 0.2411 0.2998 0.3000 0.3270 0.3525 0.3711 aA 0.9944 0.9915 0.9893 0.9875 0.9801 0.9787 0.9748 0.9699 0.9660

Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 298.15 wB 0.1100 0.1444 0.2324 0.2454 0.2699 0.3243 0.3649 0.3921 0.4381 aA 0.9939 0.9922 0.9856 0.9842 0.9811 0.9767 0.9748 0.9721 0.9669 wB 0.4562 0.4652 0.4884 0.4889 aA 0.9639 0.9637 0.9593 0.9583

Polymer (B): poly(ethylene glycol) 1996LIN Characterization: Mn/g.mol−1 = 990-1100 Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 298.15 wB 0.2146 0.2362 0.2748 0.3248 0.4357 aA 0.9895 0.9873 0.9824 0.9739 0.9431

Polymer (B): poly(ethylene glycol) 1993GAU Characterization: Mn/g.mol−1 = 1000, Huels AG, Marl, Germany Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 298.15 wB 0.0909 0.1667 0.2308 0.3333 0.3750 0.4118 0.4444 0.4737 0.5000 aA 0.9975 0.9936 0.9884 0.9742 0.9656 0.9560 0.9456 0.9344 0.9227

Polymer (B): poly(ethylene glycol) 1999LIN Characterization: Mn/g.mol−1 = 1000, Shanghai Chemical Reagent Factory, PR China Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 298.15 wB 0.0205 0.0288 0.0394 0.0459 0.0750 0.1166 0.1240 0.1715 aA 0.99928 0.99905 0.9986 0.9985 0.9975 0.9960 0.9956 0.9933

Polymer (B): poly(ethylene glycol) 1999NIN Characterization: Mn/g.mol−1 = 1000, Sigma Chemical Co., Inc., St. Louis, MO, USA Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 298.15 wB 0.0493 0.0986 0.1478 0.1971 0.2957 0.3943 0.4929 aA 0.999 0.998 0.995 0.993 0.978 0.961 0.921

w/g.mol Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 293.15 wB 0.0200 0.0248 0.0347 0.0490 0.0501 0.0536 0.0729 0.0999 0.1077 aA 0.99972 0.99965 0.99947 0.99919 0.99918 0.99912 0.99864 0.99786 0.99757 wB 0.1183 0.1208 0.1251 0.1318 0.1458 0.1518 0.1997 0.2516 0.3191 aA 0.99719 0.99711 0.99689 0.99657 0.99600 0.99578 0.99270 0.98802 0.97905

T/K = 313.15 wB 0.0182 0.0268 0.0473 0.0665 0.0815 0.0861 0.0861 0.1170 0.1179 aA 0.99977 0.99964 0.99928 0.99890 0.99856 0.99841 0.99844 0.99751 0.99748 wB 0.1292 0.1484 0.1548 0.1622 0.1692 0.1881 0.2025 0.2540 0.3029 aA 0.99712 0.99637 0.99611 0.99585 0.99549 0.99453 0.99369 0.98998 0.98520

T/K = 333.15 wB 0.0420 0.0594 0.0736 0.0888 0.1332 0.1428 0.1502 0.2225 0.2987 aA 0.99944 0.99913 0.99881 0.99857 0.99747 0.99729 0.99699 0.99368 0.98886

Polymer (B): poly(ethylene glycol) 1999NIN Characterization: Mn/g.mol−1 = 1450, Sigma Chemical Co., Inc., St. Louis, MO, USA Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 298.15 wB 0.0496 0.0993 0.1489 0.1985 0.2978 0.3975 0.4962 0.5985 0.6941 aA 0.998 0.997 0.996 0.994 0.983 0.962 0.925 0.870 0.795

Polymer (B): poly(ethylene glycol) 1968LAK Characterization: Mn/g.mol−1 = 1460, fractionated sample, Union Carbide Corp. Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 297.75 wB 0.01152 0.01684 0.03381 0.05041 0.07580 0.1157 0.1565 0.1846 0.3018 aA 0.9998 0.9996 0.9992 0.9987 0.9977 0.9961 0.9940 0.9914 0.9801 wB 0.4002 0.5085 0.6221 aA 0.9522 0.9083 0.8520

T/K = 307.75 wB 0.01152 0.01685 0.03382 0.05047 0.07592 0.1159 0.1570 0.1846 0.3019 aA 0.9998 0.9996 0.9992 0.9987 0.9979 0.9964 0.9947 0.9929 0.9802 wB 0.4004 0.5089 0.6227 aA 0.9603 0.9251 0.8654

Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 293.10 wB 0.3454 0.4631 0.5437 0.5825 0.6378 aA 0.9714 0.9358 0.8964 0.8732 0.8346

T/K = 313.10 wB 0.5035 0.5995 0.6095 0.6259 0.7223 0.8175 aA 0.9392 0.8958 0.8903 0.8823 0.8178 0.7379

T/K = 333.10 wB 0.5746 0.6481 0.7071 0.7734 aA 0.9333 0.9037 0.8709 0.8284

wB 0.05002 0.09934 0.16634 0.23897 aA 0.99942 0.99846 0.99601 0.99064

T/K = 313.15

wB 0.04796 0.09947 0.16593 0.24510 0.33130 aA 0.99950 0.99874 0.99671 0.99270 0.98531

Polymer (B): poly(ethylene glycol) 1993GAU Characterization: Mn/g.mol−1 = 2840, Mw/g.mol−1 = 3000, Huels AG, Marl, Germany Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 293.15 wB 0.0253 0.0490 0.0571 0.0780 0.0871 0.0953 0.1070 0.1280 0.1521 aA 0.99978 0.99954 0.99941 0.99904 0.99886 0.99865 0.99837 0.99771 0.99668

T/K = 313.15 wB 0.0231 0.0299 0.0402 0.0571 0.0830 0.0935 0.1010 0.1037 0.1117 aA 0.99982 0.99976 0.99965 0.99945 0.99905 0.99886 0.99871 0.99866 0.99848 wB 0.1189 0.1213 0.1417 0.1537 0.1728 0.2145 0.2389 aA 0.99830 0.99821 0.99766 0.99726 0.99657 0.99461 0.99311

T/K = 333.15 wB 0.0463 0.0489 0.0788 0.0801 0.1144 0.1472 0.1748 0.2257 0.2993 aA 0.99965 0.99965 0.99930 0.99928 0.99874 0.99807 0.99733 0.99552 0.99157

Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 298.15 wB 0.0909 0.1667 0.2857 0.3333 0.3750 0.4118 0.4444 0.4737 0.5000 aA 0.9989 0.9961 0.9860 0.9789 0.9706 0.9613 0.9510 0.9400 0.9284

Polymer (B): poly(ethylene glycol) 1957MAL Characterization: Mn/g.mol−1 = 3000, Oxirane Ltd., Manchester, U.K. Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 328.15 wB 0.499 0.702 0.844 0.950 0.970 PA/mmHg 113.76 102.62 89.45 61.74 47.10 T/K = 338.15 wB 0.499 0.704 0.765 0.846 0.904 0.950 0.970 0.990 PA/mmHg 181.72 166.34 158.70 145.01 127.01 99.26 75.03 34.36

Polymer (B): poly(ethylene glycol) 1999NIN Characterization: Mn/g.mol−1 = 3350, Sigma Chemical Co., Inc., St. Louis, MO, USA Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 298.15 wB 0.0993 0.1489 0.1988 0.2980 0.3972 0.4964 aA 0.998 0.997 0.993 0.985 0.965 0.930

Carbowax 3350, Union Carbide Corp., New York, NY, USA Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 298.15 wB 0.041 0.050 0.062 0.084 0.131 0.139 0.150 0.183 PA/mmHg 23.751 23.749 23.745 23.732 23.708 23.700 23.688 23.667 wB 0.190 0.216 0.220 0.247 0.282 0.305 PA/mmHg 23.656 23.623 23.622 23.587 23.523 23.512

Polymer (B): poly(ethylene glycol) 1996LIN Characterization: Mn/g.mol−1 = 3500-4500 Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 298.15 wB 0.2621 0.2819 0.3188 0.3674 0.4648 aA 0.9895 0.9873 0.9824 0.9739 0.9431

Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 297.75 wB 0.02814 0.09062 0.1736 0.2263 0.2654 0.3257 0.4227 0.5699 0.7304 aA 0.9998 0.9996 0.9952 0.9915 0.9897 0.9807 0.9633 0.9058 0.8278

T/K = 307.75 wB 0.02815 0.09075 0.1327 0.1736 0.2655 0.3259 0.4230 0.5703 0.7311 aA 0.9998 0.9988 0.9975 0.9958 0.9808 0.9830 0.9662 0.9052 0.8145

Polymer (B): poly(ethylene glycol) 1999ELI Characterization: Mn/g.mol−1 = 4237, Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 wB 0.3949 0.2940 0.1994 0.0490 T/K = 308.15 aA 0.9726 0.9878 0.9953 0.9996 T/K = 318.15 aA 0.9766 0.9897 0.9960 0.9997 T/K = 328.15 aA 0.9729 0.9920 0.9968 0.9995 T/K = 338.15 aA 0.9846 0.9935 0.9975 0.9997

Polymer (B): poly(ethylene glycol) 1957MAL Characterization: Mn/g.mol−1 = 5000, Oxirane Ltd., Manchester, U.K. Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 333.15 wB 0.000 0.735 0.835 0.902 0.950 PA/mmHg 149.38 130.91 118.70 104.22 81.50 T/K = 338.15 wB 0.496 0.662 0.764 0.839 0.900 0.949 0.970 0.990 PA/mmHg 182.79 171.30 160.58 150.33 133.11 103.24 78.92 35.71

Polymer (B): poly(ethylene glycol) 1993GAU Characterization: Mn/g.mol−1 = 5750, Mw/g.mol−1 = 6000, Huels AG, Marl, Germany Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 293.15 wB 0.0335 0.0502 0.0804 0.1267 0.1888 0.2523 0.3072 aA 0.99984 0.99970 0.99934 0.99833 0.99618 0.99202 0.98670

continued

wB 0.0159 0.0328 0.0644 0.0920 0.1212 0.1715 0.2022 0.3192 aA 0.99995 0.99988 0.99963 0.99928 0.99876 0.99741 0.99621 0.98825 T/K = 333.15 wB 0.0155 0.0399 0.0727 0.1224 0.1690 0.2044 0.2522 aA 0.99995 0.99985 0.99962 0.99908 0.99832 0.99739 0.99581

Polymer (B): poly(ethylene glycol) 1999ELI Characterization: Mn/g.mol−1 = 5989, Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 wB 0.3552 0.2931 0.1974 0.0982 0.0793 0.0601 0.0399 T/K = 308.15 aA 0.9961 0.9992 0.9994 0.9996 0.9998 T/K = 318.15 aA 0.9832 0.9900 0.9960 0.9986 0.9989 0.9993 0.9998 T/K = 328.15 aA 0.9872 0.9925 0.9973 0.9995 0.9997 0.9998 0.9999 T/K = 338.15 aA 0.9939 0.9977 0.9995 0.9996 0.9997 0.9998

Polymer (B): poly(ethylene glycol) 1993GAU Characterization: Mn/g.mol−1 = 6000, Huels AG, Marl, Germany Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 298.15 wB 0.0909 0.1667 0.2857 0.3333 0.3750 0.4118 0.4444 0.4737 0.5000 aA 0.9993 0.9969 0.9874 0.9805 0.9724 0.9632 0.9530 0.9419 0.9301

T/K = 333.10 wB 0.3248 0.5068 0.5344 0.5800 0.6832 0.7852 0.8095 aA 0.9905 0.9595 0.9524 0.9376 0.8985 0.8411 0.8207

Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 293.15 wB 0.1136 0.1341 0.1628 0.1722 0.1933 0.1962 0.2212 0.2283 0.2528 aA 0.9988 0.9981 0.9971 0.9966 0.9956 0.9949 0.9933 0.9920 0.9891 wB 0.2745 0.2923 0.3006 0.3101 0.3188 0.3322 0.3510 0.3627 0.3843 aA 0.9865 0.9836 0.9821 0.9803 0.9788 0.9794 0.9758 0.9749 0.9687

Polymer (B): poly(ethylene glycol) 1999NIN Characterization: Mn/g.mol−1 = 6000, Sigma Chemical Co., Inc., St. Louis, MO, USA Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 298.15 wB 0.0995 0.1489 0.1987 0.2980 0.3972 0.4970 aA 0.999 0.998 0.996 0.987 0.969 0.934

Polymer (B): poly(ethylene glycol) 1999LIN Characterization: Mn/g.mol−1 = 6000, Shanghai Chemical Reagent Factory, PR China Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 298.15 wB 0.0317 0.0426 0.0445 0.0587 0.0727 0.0862 0.1027 0.1056 aA 0.99952 0.99941 0.99938 0.99911 0.9989 0.9987 0.9984 0.9983

Lot 664762, Hoechst AG, Frankfurt, Germany Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 293.10 wB 0.114 0.134 0.163 0.175 0.196 0.221 0.253 0.275 0.292 aA 0.9988 0.9981 0.9971 0.9956 0.9949 0.9933 0.9891 0.9865 0.9836 wB 0.310 0.332 0.351 0.401 0.423 0.432 0.495 0.510 0.520 aA 0.9803 0.9794 0.9758 0.9630 0.9559 0.9520 0.9279 0.9197 0.9124 T/K = 333.10 wB 0.306 0.321 0.427 0.478 0.471 0.485 0.518 0.541 0.675 aA 0.9914 0.9906 0.9772 0.9704 0.9697 0.9646 0.9592 0.9528 0.8919

continued

wB 0.1885 0.2170 0.2601 0.2667 0.2886 0.3103 0.3414 0.3594 0.3660 aA 0.9959 0.9946 0.9905 0.9903 0.9874 0.9850 0.9797 0.9769 0.9750

Polymer (B): poly(ethylene glycol) 1999NIN Characterization: Mn/g.mol−1 = 8000, Sigma Chemical Co., Inc., St. Louis, MO, USA Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 298.15 wB 0.0499 0.0997 0.1495 0.1994 0.2990 0.3987 0.4984 aA 0.999 0.998 0.997 0.996 0.986 0.968 0.932

Polymer (B): poly(ethylene glycol) 1993BAE Characterization: Mn/g.mol−1 = 8000 Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 323.15 wB 0.416 0.645 0.811 0.897 PA/P0A 0.951 0.865 0.757 0.649 T/K = 333.15 wB 0.505 0.698 0.803 PA/P0A 0.937 0.870 0.770 T/K = 343.15 wB 0.550 0.710 0.803 0.890 PA/P0A 0.941 0.877 0.813 0.727

Carbowax 8000, Union Carbide Corp., New York, NY, USA Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 298.15 wB 0.059 0.078 0.085 0.125 0.133 0.167 0.214 0.225 PA/mmHg 23.749 23.743 23.740 23.722 23.717 23.686 23.657 23.649 wB 0.287 0.296 0.327 0.329 0.341 0.373 PA/mmHg 23.577 23.567 23.509 23.514 23.469 23.376

Polymer (B): poly(ethylene glycol) 1999NIN Characterization: Mn/g.mol−1 = 10000, Sigma Chemical Co., Inc., St. Louis, MO, USA Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 298.15 wB 0.0497 0.0993 0.1490 0.1986 0.2980 0.3974 0.4967 aA 0.999 0.998 0.996 0.996 0.985 0.970 0.932

Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 298.15 wB 0.0909 0.1667 0.2857 0.3333 0.3750 0.4118 0.4444 0.4737 0.5000 aA 0.9994 0.9971 0.9881 0.9815 0.9735 0.9642 0.9536 0.9419 0.9290

Polymer (B): poly(ethylene glycol) 1998FEN Characterization: Mn/g.mol−1 = 17500, Mw/g.mol−1 = 19930 Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 333.15 wB 0.895 0.855 0.812 0.769 0.722 0.655 0.598 0.537 PA/P0A 0.414 0.538 0.617 0.720 0.792 0.867 0.941 0.985

Polymer (B): poly(ethylene glycol) 1993GAU Characterization: Mn/g.mol−1 = 20000, Huels AG, Marl, Germany Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 298.15 wB 0.0909 0.1667 0.2857 0.3333 0.3750 0.4118 0.4444 0.4737 0.5000 aA 0.9995 0.9973 0.9884 0.9818 0.9739 0.9646 0.9543 0.9427 0.9302

Polymer (B): poly(ethylene glycol) 1999NIN Characterization: Mn/g.mol−1 = 20000, Sigma Chemical Co., Inc., St. Louis, MO, USA Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 298.15 wB 0.0994 0.1491 0.1988 0.2983 0.3978 0.4971 aA 0.999 0.999 0.997 0.988 0.969 0.935

Polymer (B): poly(ethylene glycol) 1991ZHU Characterization: Mn/g.mol−1 = 35000 Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 293.15 wB 0.1123 0.1355 0.1567 0.1729 0.1959 0.1952 0.2177 0.2594 0.2794 aA 0.9988 0.9981 0.9971 0.9966 0.9956 0.9949 0.9933 0.9891 0.9865 wB 0.2873 0.2982 0.3070 0.3141 0.3247 0.3357 0.3599 0.3687 0.3934 aA 0.9852 0.9836 0.9821 0.9803 0.9788 0.9794 0.9758 0.9749 0.9687

Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 293.15 wB 0.112 0.136 0.157 0.173 0.196 0.218 0.259 0.279 0.287 aA 0.9988 0.9981 0.9971 0.9966 0.9956 0.9933 0.9891 0.9865 0.9852 wB 0.298 0.307 0.314 0.325 0.360 0.386 0.442 0.514 0.526 aA 0.9836 0.9821 0.9803 0.9788 0.9758 0.9687 0.9520 0.9197 0.9124

T/K = 333.15 wB 0.478 0.525 0.550 0.685 aA 0.9704 0.9592 0.9528 0.8919

wB 0.990 0.982 0.969 0.962 0.951 0.930 0.904 0.868 0.834 aA 0.218 0.341 0.472 0.521 0.599 0.703 0.778 0.851 0.899

wB 0.9886 0.9781 0.9687 0.9547 0.9431 0.9223 0.8886 aA 0.2057 0.3140 0.4349 0.5971 0.6953 0.8004 0.9609

wB 0.990 0.983 0.975 0.965 0.947 0.927 0.893 0.822 aA 0.150 0.243 0.328 0.442 0.558 0.652 0.751 0.847

continued

wB 0.1651 0.1954 0.2068 0.2476 0.2544 0.2935 0.2956 aA 0.9940 0.9906 0.9899 0.9803 0.9789 0.9670 0.9660

T/K = 293.15

wB 0.2347 0.2465 0.2515 0.2541 0.3122 0.3369 aA 0.9848 0.9828 0.9811 0.9808 0.9634 0.9526

wB 0.1840 0.2115 0.2615 0.2738 0.3024 0.3305 0.3412 aA 0.9940 0.9906 0.9803 0.9776 0.9660 0.9550 0.9512

T/K = 293.15

wB 0.2474 0.2585 0.2635 0.2662 0.3344 0.3454 aA 0.9848 0.9828 0.9811 0.9808 0.9583 0.9526

wB 0.1951 0.1993 0.2781 0.3132 0.3338 aA 0.9940 0.9906 0.9899 0.9789 0.9670 0.9550

T/K = 293.15

wB 0.2608 0.2709 0.2760 0.2781 0.2783 0.3374 0.3479 aA 0.9848 0.9828 0.9811 0.9809 0.9808 0.9583 0.9526

Aldrich Chem. Co., Inc., Milwaukee, WI, USA Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 355.65 wB 0.981 0.945 0.907 0.874 0.826 0.780 0.719 0.630 0.597 aA 0.106 0.223 0.336 0.420 0.537 0.637 0.741 0.863 0.908

hyperbranched, synthesized in the laboratory Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 393.15 wB 0.855 0.887 0.923 0.934 0.947 0.958 0.977 0.985 0.999 P/kPa 148.470 130.810 101.380 90.380 79.240 67.730 47.960 33.570 4.400

T/K = 293.15

wB 0.2576 0.2761 0.2794 0.3010 0.2892 0.3141 0.3505 aA 0.9963 0.9957 0.9953 0.9948 0.9947 0.9936 0.9919

wB 0.2527 0.2620 0.2657 0.2758 0.2870 0.2804 0.2886 aA 0.9941 0.9925 0.9923 0.9923 0.9917 0.9912 0.9905

T/K = 293.15

wB 0.2725 0.2889 0.2933 0.3096 0.2987 0.3244 aA 0.9963 0.9957 0.9953 0.9948 0.9947 0.9936

wB 0.9906 0.9863 0.9787 0.9696 0.9596 0.9451 0.9238 aA 0.1674 0.2315 0.3486 0.4183 0.5181 0.6138 0.7345

continued

wB 0.800 0.950 PA/mmHg 31.82 31.36 31.12 30.40 26.89 19.88 6.62 T/K = 323.15 wB 0.000 0.591 0.701 0.801 0.902 0.952 0.990 PA/mmHg 92.51 91.68 90.99 89.05 78.94 59.13 19.90

Polymer (B): poly(propylene glycol) 1982MED Characterization: Mn/g.mol−1 = 492 Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 298.15 wB 0.0000 0.5715 0.7531 0.8555 0.8951 0.9187 0.9435 0.9532 0.9623 PA/kPa 3.1610 3.0968 3.0614 2.9508 2.7890 2.6021 2.2683 2.0878 1.8622 wB 0.9716 0.9819 0.9903 0.9920 0.9971 PA/kPa 1.5048 1.0291 0.5619 0.3339 0.2092

Polymer (B): poly(propylene glycol) 1972TAG Characterization: Mn/g.mol−1 = 575 Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 298.15 wB 0.614 0.828 0.914 0.961 0.973 0.985 0.993 0.998 PA/mmHg 23.5 23.3 21.0 13.2 10.9 5.4 3.1 0.3

T/K = 312.65 wB 0.612 0.815 0.874 0.924 0.968 0.981 0.994 0.996 PA/mmHg 52.8 52.5 52.0 46.5 29.7 18.3 9.4 4.2

Aldrich Chem. Co., Inc., Milwaukee, WI, USA Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 303.15 wB 0.9945 0.9903 0.9858 0.9784 0.9704 0.9587 PA/kPa 0.8944 1.3197 1.8569 2.3581 2.8153 3.3925

wB 0.9977 0.9959 0.9928 0.9891 0.9852 0.9823 0.9746 aA 0.1523 0.2296 0.2921 0.4023 0.4726 0.5410 0.6605

Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 303.15 wB 0.543 0.682 0.823 0.923 0.952 PA/P0A 1.000 0.907 0.789 0.591 0.403

Polymer (B): poly(vinyl alcohol) 1959SAK Characterization: Mn/g.mol−1 = 67000 Solvent (A): water H2O 7732-18-5 T/K = 303.15 wB 0.506 0.721 0.810 0.901 0.942 PA/P0A 1.000 0.901 0.818 0.620 0.498

ϕB 0.0041 0.0075 0.0114 0.0123 0.0151 0.0169 0.0228 0.0247 aA 0.999999 0.999998 0.999996 0.999994 0.999990 0.999988 0.999986 0.999981

ϕB 0.0302 0.0326 0.0369 0.0404 0.0453 0.0490 0.0532 0.0576 aA 0.999977 0.999971 0.999962 0.999951 0.999946 0.999937 0.999926 0.999910

ϕB 0.0606 0.0658 0.0682 0.0741 aA 0.999898 0.999886 0.999878 0.999861

Comments: ϕB = (wB/1.251) (0.99705 + 0.255 wB).