chapter  15
10 Pages

Inorganic Particulate Ultraviolet Filters in Commerce

Introduction 282

Inorganic Particulates: Background 282

Formulating with Zinc Oxide and Titanium Dioxide 283

Inorganic Particulate Suppliers in the USA 284

US Consumer Products with Inorganic Particulates 286

Children/Baby Product 286 Formulations with Combination of Organic/Inorganic UV Filters 286 Formulations with Inorganic Particulates “Only” 287

Daily Wear Long-Term Protective Products 287

Formulations with Combination of Organic/Inorganic UV Filters 287 Formulations with Inorganic Particulates “Only” 288

Recreational Products 288

Formulations with Combination of Organic/Inorganic UV Filters 289 Inorganic Particulates “Only” Products 289

Conclusions 289

References 290

INTRODUCTION

Responding to the recent medical advances and expanded demands of both the

industry and the consumers ultimately using these products, the need for new

and improved sunscreen agents is well documented (1). The more than 1.5

million new cases of skin cancer reported each year in the USA alone, along

with the new emerging evidence of the damaging effects of UV-A rays and the

depletion of the ozone layer through the use of chlorofluorohydrocarbons, as

well as the demographic considerations and the popularity of modern leisure

outdoor lifestyles, are but a few of the reasons for the need for photoprotection

(2). The production of new, safe, more selective, specific, and effective ultraviolet

(UV) filters is paramount.