chapter  27
16 Pages

Valuable Properties for Baby and Kids Segments

Introduction 542

Review of Baby Segment 543

Review of Kids Segment 544

Sunscreen Actives 545

Titanium Dioxide 545

Zinc Oxide 546

Octinoxate 546

Homosalate 546

Octisalate 546

Oxybenzone 546

Octocrylene 546

Avobenzone 546

Baby Product Specific Strategies 547

Selection of Sunscreens/Carrier System 547 Sunscreen Optimization 548

Barrier Function Protection 549

Kids Product Specific Strategies 551

Formulation Types 552

Emulsions 552

Sticks 553

Lip Balms 553

Alcohol Sprays 553

Testing 554

SPF and Water Resistance 554

Migration 554

Hypoallergenicity 554

Moisturization 555

Photostability 555

Conclusions 555

References 555

INTRODUCTION

It has been shown that sun damage sustained early in life is a precursor to skin

damage later in life. Specifically, recent studies revealed that severe sunburn

before age 18 is a positive risk factor in developing melanoma (1,2). Addition-

ally, it has been noted that almost 80% of total lifetime exposure is obtained

by 18 years of age (3). Due to the great importance of sun protection during

these early years, this chapter will address the characteristics of Baby and Kids

segment products.