chapter  2
62 Pages


Beginning students of water hydraulics and its principles often approach the subject matter with certain misgivings. For example, water/wastewater operators quickly learn on the job that their primary operational and maintenance responsibilities involve a daily routine of monitoring, sampling, laboratory testing, and operation and process maintenance. How does water hydraulics relate to daily operations? The hydraulic functions of the treatment process have already been designed into the plant. Why learn water hydraulics at all?