chapter  1
4 Pages


In this second edition of Spellman’s Standard Handbook for Wastewater Operators, Volume 1, Fundamental Level, the same successful and proven format used in the original is followed, but made better. Primarily designed to provide a readily accessible, user-friendly source of information for review in preparing for the first levels of licensure (i.e., for Class IV/III or Grade I/II state or local government-administered wastewater operator licensure examinations), this updated version of the handbook provides the necessary information to help the reader successfully study for and pass currently administered certification examinations. This volume also sets the stage for both Volumes 2 and 3 of the handbook, which are intended to prepare readers to sit for examinations for intermediate and advanced licensure (to Class II/I or Grade III/IV/V operator status).