chapter  2
16 Pages

Inappropriate design

Completing a structure starts with an appropriate design, based on structural requirements. As already mentioned in Chapter 1 (Figure 1.5), the design stage includes dimensioning, detailing, and material selection based on properly defined environmental conditions, duly considering both mechanical loading and potential degradation processes. Structural engineers are well-trained in estimating the external loading, as well as in determining the resulting internal forces and stresses in structural elements. To do so, many tools can be considered, going from hand calculations to estimate order of magnitudes to very complex computer models giving accurate numbers for complex geometries under combined loading effects.