chapter  1
11 Pages

Cellular pathology

The cell is the functional unit of the mammalian organism and at its basic structure, it consists of a nucleus and cytoplasm wrapped in an outer layer called the plasma membrane.

The nucleus is a prominent structure usually rounded and occupies a predominant position in the cell. It carries the genetic code and is equipped with enzymes, proteins and nucleic acids in order to perform its function as “keeper” of the genetic code. This function can be summarised as: deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) repair, replication and protein synthesis.