chapter  10
25 Pages


All buildings contain walls the function of which is to carry loads, enclose and divide space, exclude weather and retain heat. Walls maybe classified into the following types:

1. internal non-load-bearing walls of block-work or light movable partitions that divide space only 2. external curtain walls that carry self-weight and lateral wind loads 3. external and internal infill walls in framed structures that may be designed to provide stability to the building but do not carry vertical building loads; the external walls would also carry lateral wind loads 4. load-bearing walls designed to carry vertical building loads and horizontal lateral and in-plane wind loads and provide stability

Type 4 structural concrete walls are considered. The role of the wall is seen clearly through the type of building in which it is used.