Temporary transnational labour migration in an integrating Europe and the challenge to the German welfare state: Uwe Hunger
With the end of the socialist development paradigm in central and eastern Europe in 1989-90, the trend towards globalisation in international competition, which began to emerge in the mid-1980s, has accelerated strongly (Rosner 1995: 480). The internationalisation of business proceeds at an unprecedented rate and competition between production locations has become increasingly acute. Investment decisions on the part of business enterprises will, of course, depend on the prevailing economic and political framework. Factors such as the degree of economic and environmental regulation, the extent of labour and social welfare costs and labour relations play an ever greater role (Rosner 1995: 475). Countries find themselves under pressure to create an 'investment-friendly' climate for business, and to compete with other countries for international investors and jobs (Brock 1997: 17).