Hebrew Chronicles: Massacres of Jews during the First Crusade (1096)
Massacres of Jews during the First Crusade (1096) Beginning in the eleventh century, the small communities of European Jews faced increasing intolerance and persecution from the Christian majority. With the First Crusade, Christian hostility broke out into large-scale violence, and from this point on pogroms against the Jews became fairly common. The following is a Jewish account of the first of the mass killings. The more prominent biblical quotations are italicized. Source: Robert Chazan, European Jewry and the First Crusade (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1987).