chapter  10
6 Pages

Radiation Accidents in the United States

Introduction ....................................................................................................................................167 Background ....................................................................................................................................168 The Registries ................................................................................................................................168 The U.S. Registry (1944 to June 30, 2000) ..................................................................................169 Summary ........................................................................................................................................171 References ......................................................................................................................................172

Serious injury due to ionizing radiation is a rare occurrence. From 1944 to the present, through years of research, development, and use of nuclear materials in industry, energy production, and medicine, only 30 people have lost their lives in 13 separate radiation accidents in the United States (Table 10.1). Information about these and 233 other less serious U.S. accidents is documented in the U.S. Radiation Accident Registry, maintained at the Radiation Emergency Assistance Center/Training Site (REAC/TS) in Oak Ridge, Tennessee.