chapter  11
22 Pages

Criticality Accidents

Introduction ....................................................................................................................................173 Los Alamos, New Mexico, U.S.A. (August 1945) .......................................................................174 Los Alamos, New Mexico, U.S.A. (May 1946)............................................................................175 Argonne, Illinois, U.S.A. (June 1952)...........................................................................................176 Mayak, Russia (March 1953) ........................................................................................................176 Mayak, Russia (April 1957) ..........................................................................................................181 Mayak, Russia (January 1958) ......................................................................................................183 Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. (June 1958) ..................................................................................183 Vinca, Yugoslavia (October 1958) .................................................................................................185 Los Alamos, New Mexico, U.S.A. (December 1958) ..................................................................186 Idaho Chemical Processing Plant, U.S.A. (October 1959)...........................................................186 Siberian Chemical Combine, Russia (July 1961) .........................................................................187 Hanford, Washington, U.S.A. (April 1962)...................................................................................187 Sarov Vniief, Russia (March 1963)...............................................................................................187 Wood River Junction, Rhode Island, U.S.A. (July 1964).............................................................187 Mol, Belgium (December 1965)....................................................................................................188 Chelyabinsk-70 (April 1968) .........................................................................................................188 Mayak Production Facility, Russia (December 1968) ..................................................................189 Kurchatov Institute, Moscow, Russia (February 1971).................................................................189 Kurchatov Institute, Moscow, Russia (May 1971)........................................................................189 Siberian Chemical Combine, Russia (December 1978)................................................................190 Constituyente, Argentina (September 1983) .................................................................................190 Sarov (Arzimas-16) Vniief, Russia (June 1997) ...........................................................................190 Tokaimura, Japan (September 1999) .............................................................................................191 Summary ........................................................................................................................................192 References ......................................................................................................................................193