Systemic Management for a Secure and Viable Port Facility
The terrorist threat in the early twenty-first century is testing the basic political values and structures of democracy, and in particular, criminal justice roles and processes in controlling deviance in society. Terrorism and the emergence of homeland security are changing the character of local policing, not only in the United States, but around the world. Many local police agencies now have some type of homeland security bureau or unit in their tables of organization. With this growing homeland security role, the usual attention to traditional crime and disorder has been expanded to include terrorist investigations and intelligence efforts, weapons of mass destruction training, infrastructure security deployments, emergency operations planning, and new personal protective and tactical equipment and armaments (much of it funded by federal grant dollars). Intelligence gathering and analysis operations, formerly concerned perhaps with traditional organized crime and narcotics smuggling, have been expanded to include intelligence geared toward identifying homegrown terrorists, working with federal agencies in joint task forces, and illegal immigration. Within this new construct of policing, port authorities and facilities must work cooperatively with their local police agencies to integrate the appropriate level of law enforcement service into the Port FSP and security regimen.