chapter  2
46 Pages

Situational Crime Prevention and Crime Prevention through Environmental Design

By the end of this chapter, you should have a better understanding of the following:

• Definitions and parameters of Situational Crime Prevention (SCP) and Crime Prevention through Environmental Design (CPTED)

• Theories and assumptions of crime that inform SCP and CPTED • Theoretical and conceptual constructs of SCP and CPTED (how they work to

prevent crime) • Specific SCP and CPTED principles and strategies • Critiques of SCP and CPTED

Situational crime prevention (SCP) is distinguished from traditional criminal justice system approaches to crime in that it is focused on the immediate environmental setting for criminal acts, rather than focusing on those committing the criminal acts (Clarke, 1997, 2). And while SCP is also distinguished from the criminal justice system in its proactive, preventive philosophy, unlike social problem-solving approaches to crime (see Chapter 3),

2.5 CPTED .................................................................................................................69 2.5.1 Territoriality/Informal Social Control/Defensible Space .........................71 2.5.2 Spatial Hierarchy ......................................................................................72 2.5.3 Natural Surveillance .................................................................................73 2.5.4 Activity Support ........................................................................................73 2.5.5 Access Control ..........................................................................................75 2.5.6 Location/Surrounding Environment ........................................................75 2.5.7 Second-Generation CPTED ......................................................................75