14 Pages

Responding to diversity

2. International candidates
ByStan Taylor

International mobility has long been a feature of doctoral education, but in recent years it has been substantially increased by two sets of factors. On the one hand, there have been so-called push factors, including the lack of research capacity in the developing world, the needs of governments in emerging countries to train workers for the knowledge economies and the aspirations of the emerging middle classes in those countries for high-level qualifications (see Banks and Bhandari 2012). On the other, there have been ‘pull’ factors including the concentration of research expertise and facilities in the developed world and the funding streams generated by universities through hosting international students (see Kim 2007; Gribble 2008).