chapter  IV
25 Pages

Demographic Transition in Punjab

WithD. P. Chaudhri, Ajit K. Dasgupta

This chapter analyses trends of population change and the interaction between economic growth and demographic change. It deals with the relationship between economic growth and population change and explores the trends of population change in Punjab. The chapter aims to explain vital statistics and migration and the fourth to dependency ratios and household compositions. It also deals with children’s participation in the labour force and examines changes in the quality of the labour force and its educational characteristics. A somewhat different perspective on the population problem of developing countries, which emphasises that the response of fertility and mortality to changes in income depends on the stage of socio-economic development, is provided by the theory of demographic transition. Economic growth was achieved essentially by agricultural development based on improved techniques of production, a process in which the state provided the basic rural infrastructure and individual producers responded vigorously to expanded economic opportunity.