chapter  Five
22 Pages

Policy, Organization, and the Performance of Bulgarian Agriculture: 1960-1985

WithMichael L. Boyd

This chapter presents the results of the production function analysis, and deals with regard to the implications of the Bulgarian experience for development and for reforms in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. The case of Bulgarian agriculture since 1960 is especially useful for studying the interactions of policy, organization, and performance for three reasons. First, the Bulgarians have pursued a number of distinct organizational policies since 1960 within the framework of a fully socialized, large-scale agriculture. Second, because the Bulgarian experience has been consistently within the Soviet model of centrally planned economic organization, the successes and failures of policies may be viewed as providing a guide for more widespread organizational changes in Eastern Europe, the Soviet Union, and beyond. Third, the most recent set of organizational reforms in Bulgarian agriculture represents an actual example of the kind of decentralizing changes that form the foundation of Mikhail Gorbachev's proposed perestroika reforms in the Soviet Union.