Organization, Performance, and System Choice: Implications of the Cases
This chapter considers what light the case studies of Yugoslav, Polish, and Bulgarian agricultures can shed on the broad issues of comparative systems raised there. It reviews the comparative performance of different types of productive organization, the private, cooperative socialist, and state socialist enterprises of the cases. After evaluating the comparative performance of different types of enterprise-level organization, the chapter also considers the related issue of how over-arching systemic environments affect organizational performance. It explores some of the implications of the studies for the wave of changes in the Soviet Union, Eastern Europe, and China. The Bulgarian results suggest that within a centrally planned environment, the internal organization of production is also important. The high rates of growth due to technological change in Bulgarian agriculture in the 1960s indicate that one must be careful not to attribute all differences in Yugoslav and Polish performance to the effects of a centrally planned versus a market-based system.