This introduction presents an overview of the key concepts discussed in the subsequent chapters of this book. The book seeks to establish what the barriers are to building a trusted police service in China and India by exploring the overall system, and how agents act, as well as the economic context rather than seeking to test criminological theories. It shows that the Chinese police are held in higher esteem than the Indian police by their respective citizenry. Both the Chinese and Indian police use stereotypes and are biased against certain sections of society in the way they carry out their duties and while corruption and malpractices are tolerated and engrained in its culture, these are subtler in China than in India. The book discusses the reader with the policing systems of China and India as well as providing a fingernail sketch of their respective cultures.