Government funds and executes science across the world. Some of the government run science—particularly in the military—may be limited in the same proprietary or closed reporting way as private research. The overall benefit of science, sometimes lost in the short term, is to build humanity’s body of knowledge; finding by finding, brick by brick. The application of science, developed as engineering or in health as medicine, is the concrete, short-term goal of most requirement-driven research. Academic institutions contribute to execution and funding of research as well. In many instances, academic researchers are involved in executing research funded by government and/or private organizations. The data is analyzed by the research team and conclusions are drawn by senior researchers based on knowledge of current literature. Non-governmental organizations also contribute to research funding and execution.