State collapse, collaboration and revolution
The second chapter charts the rise and fall of the Spanish Revolution through the prism of the transatlantic anarchists. It scrutinises the anarchist theory of the state, and how the Spanish anarchists were forced to adapt – some would argue repudiate – their principles throughout the civil war. This includes a study of transatlantic anarchists’ reaction to the entry of the CNT-FAI into, firstly, the Catalan Generalitat and, secondly, the central Madrid government. The chapter looks at the revolution itself, and how transatlantic anarchists interpreted it, both in their press and privately amongst themselves. The defence of the revolution was a key plank of international anarchist solidarity activity.