Nationalism and internationalism
The fourth chapter investigates the contradictions of trying to adhere to an internationalist view of the world in an age of nationalism. It looks at the practical problems associated with working across national boundaries, including state censorship and language, and the tendency for some anarchist groups to organise themselves along national lines. The chapter scrutinises the work of the CNT-FAI Foreign Language Division in Barcelona, and how transatlantic anarchists contributed to its workings. It also examines the dangers of nationalism within the anarchist movement, including the growing ‘anarcho-nationalism’ of the CNT-FAI. It contrasts this with the internationalism of SIA, which arranged aid for refugees as the Republican front collapsed.