Anarchism and the Popular Front
The final chapter explores the tensions within the Popular Front through relations between the anarchists and two other members of the Republican camp: the Communist Party and the POUM. It looks at how communists and anarchists behaved both within the transatlantic countries and the International Brigades in Spain. It views the POUM through its sister organisation in Britain, the ILP, and assesses the nature of cooperation between the party and the anarchist movement. The two groupings became even closer following the bloody May Days in 1937, and transatlantic anarchists worked alongside the POUM and the ILP in dealing with the fallout. This included organising solidarity for imprisoned comrades and campaigning for the defence of the POUM leadership during their trial in October 1938.