Socialism in Time: From Revolutionism to Reformism
In pre-war days, international socialists, influenced mainly by the German social democrats, rejected the doctrine that war was to be condemned as fundamentally immoral. In the year 1925 there was a lock-out of employees in the British Cooperative Wholesale, which led a socialist periodical to say that the managing committee had shown less understanding of the workers’ position than the average capitalist employer. In certain phases of the evolution of the organisation, to the persons who are organised the end seems identical with the integral vaster and more distant aim of social eschatology, with the aim of revolutionising the social system both legally and morally. The revolutionist is one whose actions are dominated by the eschatological notion of a radical and absolute transformation of the social system. In most European countries, the trade-union movement has been more rapidly bureaucratised in the course of the last twenty years than have the socialist parties in the course of half a century.