The Social Inferiority Complex of the Working Class
Capitalism is confronted with human beings whose mental and moral attributes have been already shaped, in part by hereditary disposition, and in part by the working of preexistent social forms. The nature of these attributes may be comprehended by thinking of them as a series of remodellings of certain primitive social impulses which are common to all mankind. Modifications of the instinctive disposition by habits which derive from the forms of community life can readily be recognised as social and psychological characteristics common to all members of the group. True that these habits or customs do not furnish an adequate explanation of the ideational systems which present themselves as religious or social doctrines. Properly speaking, therefore, the socialist labour movement is not a product of capitalism. In a different historical environment, the capitalist method of production might have led to a kind of social equilibrium.