Long-term memory and Working Memory work in similar ways. Memories in the brain are similar to memories on a computer. Mastery learning keeps learning outcomes constant but varies the time needed for pupils to become proficient or competent at these objectives. Mastery learning breaks subject matter and learning content into units with clearly specified objectives which are pursued until they are achieved. Students come to classrooms with knowledge based on their everyday experiences, social interactions, intuitions, and what they have been taught in other settings and in the past. This prior knowledge affects how they will incorporate new learning because what students already know interacts with the material being learned. Neuroscience for Teachers explains that because memories are connections in the brain: When plan and organise learning activities, make sure there is plenty of opportunity for the children to make connections between the ideas and knowledge have presented and other concepts they have learned.