eSOS™ - emergency Sanitation Operation System
14This chapter presents the innovative emergency Sanitation Operation System (eSOS) concept created to improve the entire emergency sanitation chain and provide decent sanitation to people in need. The eSOS kit was described including its components: eSOS smart toilets, an intelligent excreta collection vehicle-tracking system, a decentralized excreta treatment facility, an emergency sanitation coordination center, and an integrated eSOS communication and management system. Further, the chapter deals with costs and the eSOS business model, its challenges, applicability, and relevance. The first application, currently taking place in the Philippines will bring valuable insights on the future of the eSOS smart toilet. It was expected that eSOS would bring changes to traditional disaster relief management.