chapter  4
20 Pages

Capital and Labour

WithTirthankar Roy

The earlier chapters showed that artisanal weaving around 1900 contained both low-skilled works under threat of extinction and high-skilled works that saw demand growth. Chapter 4 shows the implications of this difference for the producers. There was a concentration of skills and capital in fewer hands and in fewer places. And there was a migration of weavers from depressed hubs to growing ones. Alongside, there was a change in the relationship between richer and poorer weavers. Contractual work became more common between weavers with access to capital and market and those without such access. The marketing system for cloth changed from local sales in periodic markets in which many producers could take part, to working to orders from a contractor serving distant markets.