The Cuban-Soviet Dispute and the First Visit of Fidel Castro to the Soviet Union
This chapter covers the Cuban-Soviet dispute that arose during and after the Missile Crisis in 1962–1963. The unilateral, unconsulted and rushed behavior of the Soviet Union in the negotiated solution of the crisis was disappointing for Cuba; and Khrushchev’s arguments that, given the seriousness of the events, there existed no time for consultations, did not convince the Cuban leadership. The problem created by this event was deeper than a poorly managed negotiation, since it was unacceptable that in Khrushchev’s response message to Kennedy, Cuba’s participation in the discussions was not taken into account, and this was a sign of distrust. The chapter also presents the process of the withdrawal of Soviet troops from Cuba and Khrushchev’s attempt to repair the relationship between the USSR and Cuba during the visit of Castro to the Soviet Union in April–May of 1963. Even if the distrust between Havana and Moscow continued, an agreement concerning the Soviet support in raising the technical equipment of the Cuban forces and strengthening the defensive capacity of the Republic of Cuba was signed.