Influential Factors of the U.S. Policy Toward Cuba in 1963
This chapter covers the background to the renewed U.S. policy toward Cuba after the Missile Crisis (October 1962). A policy that was the result, among others, of the failure at the Bay of Pigs, the Missile Crisis and the Cuban-Soviet dispute over the handling and solution of the latter. The Kennedy administration realized that with Soviet troops on Cuban territory, the promise not to invade Cuba, and the failure of Operation Mongoose, a new policy toward Cuba for eliminating the Revolutionary Government was needed. The answer was the ambivalent “multiple path” policy that manifested itself in an ambivalent and even contradictory manner. While on the one hand, it approved new measures destined to obstruct the Cuban economy and increase the number of subversive and terrorist actions, such as the encouragement to the counterrevolutionary armed bands, acts of sabotage, plans of attacks and psychological warfare. On the other hand, it simultaneously sought channels of communication with the Cuban government, with the purpose of expanding the capacity of influence of the U.S. and facilitating the reversal of the revolutionary process, as well as creating a rupture of Cuba’s ties with the USSR and with the popular and revolutionary movements in Latin America.