chapter  5
29 Pages

Post-structuralism as a limited Western ally

ByMarcos S. Scauso

In Chapter Five, I discuss Michel Foucault’s approach, which is relevant here because Andean scholars, as well as intellectuals that study Andean cosmologies, deploy and critique some of the discussions that this author discusses. Additionally, the work of Foucault has been used within International Relations to think about difference. Finally, I use this approach to begin the study of the problem of difference. Since I explicitly introduce my own intervention into this genealogy, the possibility of questioning the limitation of my approach became important as well. To create a possibility of encompassing more difference, Foucault constructs a starting point that validates multiple discourses and highlights their epistemic deficit simultaneously. Despite this respect of epistemic differences, Foucault locates the interpreter above foundationalism and he generalized a tendency towards deconstruction. Of course some post-structuralist authors have moved away from this tendency, but the question that remains understudied is how can we stop deconstruction while also staying reflexive of the boundaries that we erect? How is it possible to enable epistemic levels of multiplicity while also creating decolonial praxis?