32 Pages

Summary, analysis and conclusions

WithIlan Peled

This part conclusion presents some closing thoughts on the key concepts discussed in the preceding chapters. The part aims to reveal a multifaceted picture of mixed sources, cultures, periods and themes. It describes the question of gender differentiation was discussed separately for free persons and for slaves. The part examines two interrelated spheres: the economy at large and the two main socioeconomic institutions in the ancient world, the palace and the temple. It discusses premarital sex and also examines slaves’ family life. Since premarital sex jeopardized the household’s future benefit from the marriage of its daughters, this act was viewed highly negatively. Same-sex relations were by and large ignored by ancient Near Eastern law. Gender differentiation is clearly apparent in the realm of sex crimes. The law usually considered males to be potential perpetrators of such felonies and only rarely viewed women as the perpetrators.