Unitary HVAC Systems
In most unitary heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems, coefficient of performance (COP) and fan (condenser and evaporator) properties are the two key aspects that govern their energy consumption. A higher COP is associated with a reduction in energy consumption. Unitary systems require a fan for blowing air over the condenser as well as evaporator tubes. A fan is characterized by its static pressure and volumetric airflow rate. High static pressure and flow rate help in achieving the setpoint faster; however, they are also associated with higher energy consumption. If these parameters are not specified properly, results of the energy model could deviate significantly from the actual performance. This chapter explains the method of modelling unitary systems by specifying COP and fan properties.