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Lecture VI

A natural society, a society in a state of nature, or a society independent but natural is composed of persons who are connected by mutual intercourse, but are not members, sovereign or subject, of any society political. Society formed by the intercourse of independent political societies is the province of international law, or of the law obtaining between nations. Though, like a society political but subordinate, it forms a limb or member of a society political and independent, a society of the class in question is not a political society. Although it consists of members living in a state of subjection, it consists of subjects considered as private persons. An independent political society is divisible into two portions: namely, the portion of its members which is sovereign or supreme, and the portion of its members which is merely subject.