chapter  5
Social equity considerations
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As referenced throughout this guide, there are a variety of social equity implications to climate adaptation interventions, strategies and investments. These implications are often inherent to the concepts of resilience and adaptation themselves. For instance, the status quo biasing of resilience may operate to help advance the cohesiveness and viability of communities, but it may also perpetuate existing conditions in a manner that perpetuates “poverty traps” and otherwise operate to reinforce existing inequalities (Keenan 2016b). The challenge is to develop methodologies that can provide some measure of transparency for informing decision-making and public deliberations as to what and who should be the benefi ciaries of adaptation investments ( Tol, Downing, Kuik, & Smith 2004 ).