Phase One: Planning
Benjamin Franklin quipped, “If you fail to plan, you are planning to fail.” This adage unquestionably applies to the change process and innovation adoption. So, it should not come as a surprise that the first phase of the Planning, Understanding, Researching, Preparing, Operationalizing, Sustaining, Evaluating Framework is planning. There are three primary steps to this phase. First step is describing the change that is to be made. Second step is determining the goals associated with this change. Third step is exploring how others are using the innovation that is part of the change being made. The primary outcome of the Planning Phase is to clearly describe the change that is being requested. There are multiple elements to this outcome such as understanding who requested the change, who is being asked to change, and why the change was requested. Although most change is initiated from a top-down approach (policy-to-practice), change can be initiated by an educator or a group of educators.