Originally published in 1987 Doctors, Bureaucrats and Public Health in France focuses on crucial period of 1888-1902, arguably considered the creation of the modern medical system in France. Scientific developments, demographic and political concerns sparked unprecedented period of government action concerning medical care. The nature of the resulting legislation was largely determined by a new medical union movement, promoting the professional goals of private physicians. The book focuses on the formation of the physicians Union movement and its role within medical legislation, as well as its effect on other public health programs. It also focuses on the interplay of professional concerns and political issues which together describe the medical politics of the era.