Chapter 4 outlines key empirical findings concerning UN Security Council intervention discourses and practices in the period from 2000 to 2003. The argument is structured in four sections and outlines, first, how Iraq had remained an object of intervention of differing intensity since the adoption of S/RES/687 in 1991 and how this subject construction came to be seriously challenged by mid-2002. Second, it moves to illustrating how, against these challenges, UN intervention in Iraq was recontextualized under the wider ‘global war on terror’ from September 2002 onwards. Third, in light of the resumption of UN inspections in Iraq, the discussion is concerned with growing tensions and competition between intervention and non-intervention discourses at the Council. The argument extrapolates how the possibility of successful inspections actually fueled efforts to further securitize the problem-issue of Iraq and increase pressure on the country. Fourth, the argument deals with the Security Council’s recontextualization of the UN’s overall engagement in Iraq under the orders of humanitarian imperative and International Humanitarian Law (IHL) that are eventually enacted with the voting through of resolutions 1483 and 1500 in 2003 and that detail the mandate for the UN Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI).