chapter  IV
The Soviet Model (1952–1955)
ByBill Brugger
Pages 20

'Rational' organisation, according to the Soviet model, was characterised by technological solidarity with inter-role relationships becoming more important than inter-personal relationships. The constitution was an imposing document, similar in many ways to the Soviet constitution of 1936. Under Soviet-style centralised leadership, the idea of the existence of a dichotomy between policy and operations became weaker. The old liberal universities modelled on a Euro-American pattern were not abolished but had the Soviet system of technical academies grafted upon them. In 1955, whole panoply of ranks was borrowed from the Soviet Union together with a system of orders and decorations. In the field of rural economic policy, the effect of a national plan to emulate the Soviet Union was more direct. One of the great debates in the Soviet Union after the Bolshevik Revolution had been the extent to which a revolutionary society should possess law or be ruled by policy.